Landlords and property investors may have to pay Capital Gains Tax on any profits made from selling (or “dispose of”) property that’s not considered main residency, for example:
The difference between what was paid for the property and the amount received when sold is your gain. Different rules apply if you; sell the home you live in, live abroad, or are a company registered abroad.
1. Private Residence Relief
You will be exempt from paying Capital Gains Tax when you sell your home if all of the following apply:
You may have to pay some Capital Gains Tax If you do not meet all the requirements mentioned above – married couples and civil partners can only count one property as their main residence.
If you qualify for Private Residence Relief and have a chargeable gain, you may also qualify for Letting Relief. This means you’ll pay less or no tax.
2. Letting Relief
If you’ve let out your home you may have to pay Capital Gains Tax – it may also be possible to claim letting relief if you qualify Private Residence Relief. You also get relief for the last 18 months you owned the property, even though you were not living in it. You’ll pay tax on your ‘chargeable gain’ (this is your gain minus any Private Residence Relief you’re eligible for)
Letting relief can reduce the capital gains tax owed on a property by up to £40,000 of tax-free gains, or £80,000 for a couple.
You can get the lowest of the following:
You make a gain of £120,000 when you sell your home, which you owned for 12 years. You lived in the whole property for 6 years, then you let it out in full for 6 years.
You get Private Residence Relief for the time you lived there (6 years). You also get relief for the last 18 months you owned the property, even though you were not living in it.
This means you get Private Residence Relief for 7.5 of the years (62.5% of the time) you owned the property.
You get Private Residence Relief on the same proportion (62.5%) of your gain. This means you will not pay tax on £75,000 of the gain.
The remaining 37.5% (£45,000) of the gain not covered by Private Residence Relief is your chargeable gain.
Because you made a chargeable gain of £45,000 while letting your property (and got £75,000 in Private Residence Relief) you can claim £40,000 in Letting Relief. This means you’ll pay Capital Gains Tax on £5,000.
If you’re a non-resident landlord and you’ve sold your property or land in the UK, you’re required to report the sell to HMRC within 30 days, even if you have no tax to pay.
You can deduct the costs of buying, selling or improving your property from your gain This includes:
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